Fort McDowell (Arizona)

Created to protect the area from the fierce Apache who roamed the Salt and Gila River Valleys, Fort McDowell was built to be one of the most solid posts in the territory.

It was established by the California Volunteers on the west bank of the Verde River in September, 1865.  Situated in the midst of  Indian country and surrounded by mountains, the area around this isolated location still contained several often used travel routes. …Fort McDowell (Arizona)»»

Fort Lowell (Arizona)

Fort Lowell (1862-1891) was a part of the system of forts guarding southern Arizona during the years of Apache hostilities. This one served more as a supply depot and administrative center than as a combat base.

It occupied two sites; the first of which was little more than a tent city, established in May 1862 just east of Tucson by California Volunteers who had captured the town from the Confederates. …Fort Lowell (Arizona)»»

Fort Grant (Arizona)

Fort Grant (1872-1905) was founded along a route that was often used by Apache fleeing to Mexico from the San Carlos Reservation. Prior to the closure of old Fort Grant  (Fort Breckinridge), a site was chosen for the new fort by General George Crook.

The “new” site was at a higher elevation and was a more strategic location, situated at the foot of the southwestern slope of Mount Graham in what is now Graham County in southeast Arizona. …Fort Grant (Arizona)»»

Fort Goodwin (Arizona)

Fort Goodwin (1864-1871) was one of the first posts in the area. It was established in June, 1864 by California Volunteers to provide protection for settlers in the Gila Valley.

Located near a beautiful spring about two miles south of the Gila River, the post was named for John N. Goodwin, the first Territorial Governor of Arizona.

From the beginning, the post faired poorly due to unethical contractors, whose adobe buildings began to crumble in just a few short years. …Fort Goodwin (Arizona)»»

Fort Defiance (Navajo)

Fort Defiance (1851-1861) was stablished in the Fall of 1851 by troops led by Colonel Edwin V. Sumner. The post was the first to be built within the Mexican Cession (1848) in what would become Arizona Territory.

After the failure of several treaties with the Navajo, the fort’s purpose was to “control” the restive tribe.” …Fort Defiance (Navajo)»»

Fort Buchanan (Arizona)

Fort Buchanan (1856-61) supplemented a number of other military posts established in the territory acquired from Mexico in 1848.

Fort Buchanan was the first within the bounds of the Gadsden Purchase (1853).

First founded as Camp Moore, but renamed Fort Buchanan in honor of President James Buchanan, the post protected settlers and stages from Chiricahua Apaches. …Fort Buchanan (Arizona)»»