Three Fingered Jack Dunlop


Three Fingered JackDunlop was the most famous member of the Alvord-Stiles Gang at the end of the 1800s. They were train robbers.

Born: Jack Dunlop c.1872 in Texas
Died: February 24, 1900, buried in Tombstone, Arizona Territory
Other names: John Dunlop, Jess Dunlop, John Patterson
Occupations: Cowboy, Train robber

Whether he had just three fingers on one of his hands is not confirmed.

Jack Dunlop was born in Texas and spent most of his mid to late teens working as a cowboy.

Where he became an outlaw is unknown, but he was arrested after several bank robberies in 1893.

Released from prison in 1895, Dunlop joined the “Black Jack” Christian Gang, but by 1898 he was riding with Burt Alvord’s Gang, along with George and Louis Owens, Billy Stiles, Bravo Juan Yoas, and Bob Brown.

The gang began robbing trains in Arizona, and “Three Fingered Jack” Dunlop quickly became the best known.

At midnight on September 9, 1899, the gang robbed a Southern Pacific Express of just over $10,000. The gang had detached the car containing the money, then opened the safe with dynamite.

They escaped into the Chiricahua Mountains, where they eluded a posse led by Sheriff Scott White and including George Scarborough.

A few months later, they struck again. On February 15, 1900, the gang robbed a train at  Fairbank, Arizona, which served Tombstone, Arizona.

However, well known lawman Jeff Davis Milton was working as a guard on the train. A gunfight began, resulting in Milton shooting buckshot into Dunlop, and wounding gang member Juan Yoas. Milton was badly wounded in the right arm, and the gang.

Dunlop’s wound was serious, having been hit by eleven pellets from a shotgun, mostly in the stomach area, and Yoas had been shot in the butt.

The five outlaws split up shortly after leaving the station, planning to meet outside of Contention City, Arizona. Dunlop fell from his horse only a few miles from where the robbery took place, and lay there for fourteen hours before the posse found him.

He was taken to Tombstone, where he gave an interview to the Tombstone newspaper The Prospector before dying on February 24, 1900.

Dunlop is buried near the graves of Tom McLaury, Frank McLaury, and Billy Clanton, in Tombstone’s Boot Hill cemetery.