Fort Grant (Arizona)

Fort Grant, c.1885.

Fort Grant (1872-1905) was founded along a route that was often used by Apache fleeing to Mexico from the San Carlos Reservation. Prior to the closure of old Fort Grant  (Fort Breckinridge), a site was chosen for the new fort by General George Crook.

The “new” site was at a higher elevation and was a more strategic location, situated at the foot of the southwestern slope of Mount Graham in what is now Graham County in southeast Arizona. …Fort Grant (Arizona)»»

Fort Goodwin (Arizona)

Colonel (Major) John Green of the U.S. 1st Cavalry led a scouting expedition of more than 120 troops into the White Mountains area from Camp Goodwin

Fort Goodwin (1864-1871) was one of the first posts in the area. It was established in June, 1864 by California Volunteers to provide protection for settlers in the Gila Valley.

Located near a beautiful spring about two miles south of the Gila River, the post was named for John N. Goodwin, the first Territorial Governor of Arizona.

From the beginning, the post faired poorly due to unethical contractors, whose adobe buildings began to crumble in just a few short years. …Fort Goodwin (Arizona)»»

Fort Defiance (Navajo)

Officers; quarters at Fort Defiance, Arizona, Simeon Schwemberger, 1905.

Fort Defiance (1851-1861) was stablished in the Fall of 1851 by troops led by Colonel Edwin V. Sumner. The post was the first to be built within the Mexican Cession (1848) in what would become Arizona Territory.

After the failure of several treaties with the Navajo, the fort’s purpose was to “control” the restive tribe.” …Fort Defiance (Navajo)»»

Fort Buchanan (Arizona)

Fort Buchanan (1856-61) supplemented a number of other military posts established in the territory acquired from Mexico in 1848.

Fort Buchanan was the first within the bounds of the Gadsden Purchase (1853).

First founded as Camp Moore, but renamed Fort Buchanan in honor of President James Buchanan, the post protected settlers and stages from Chiricahua Apaches. …Fort Buchanan (Arizona)»»

Fort Bowie (Arizona)

Located in the southeast corner of Arizona, Fort Bowie National Historic Site commemorates the story of the bitter conflict between the Chiricahua Apache and the United States military.

It also stands as a lasting monument to the bravery and endurance of U.S.  soldiers in paving the way for westward settlement and the taming of the western frontier. …Fort Bowie (Arizona)»»

Fort Buchanan (Arizona)

Fort Buchanan (1856-61) was built to supplement a number of other military posts established in the territory acquired from Mexico in 1848.

Fort Buchanan was the first within the bounds of the Gadsden Purchase (1853). First founded as Camp Moore, but renamed Fort Buchanan in honor of President James Buchanan, the post protected settlers and stages from Chiricahua Apaches. …Fort Buchanan (Arizona)»»